Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND):

Allows users to copy and distribute the Article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the Article if it is changed or edited in any way, and provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, and that the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.

Copyediting and Proofs

Manuscripts must be written either in good American or British English, in a clear language, correct punctuations, and consistent style throughout the manuscript. Authors are advised to send for professional English language editing service before submission. (Viser Manuscript Submission Template)

Editorial Policies

Peer Review

Viser Technology Pte. Ltd. follows a double-blind peer-review procedure for submissions of all manuscripts to its journals.

All submitted manuscripts are subjected to a fair, unbiased, and extensive peer review in consultation with the assigned journal's Editorial Board Member and independent internal or external referees (usually two reviewers), which have expertise in the field of the submitted manuscripts. The peer-review applies a short and rapid, but fair and professional assessment on all submitted manuscripts. The journal's Editor-in-Chief is then decided on the submitted manuscripts based on all the peer reviewers' comments before conveying to the author(s).

All submissions from the Editor-in-Chief will undergo independent peer-review and assess by the journal's Editorial Board Member or in-house Editor for the decision on acceptance.

Ethical Approval of Studies and Informed Consent

For human or animal experimental investigations, it is a prerequisite to provide a formal review and approval, or review and waiver, by an appropriate institutional review board or ethics committee, which should be documented in the paper. For investigations undertaken on human subjects, the manner in which the informed consent was obtained from the study participants (i.e., oral or written) should be stated clearly in the Materials and Methods section.

The authors must obtain patient consent either orally or written when they use confidential case material. However, patient consent is not required for very brief case vignettes that do not contain identifying information or if the case material is masked sufficiently to prevent the identification of the patient.

The authors should inform and discuss with the recruiting patients on the purpose(s) of publication, the possible risks and benefits to obtain, and the patient's right to withhold or withdraw consent. In the case of a minor patient, consent should be obtained from the parent(s) or guardian(s). The authors should not perform any misconduct or deceive the recruiting patients in obtaining their consent.

Standard Protocol on Approvals, Registrations, Patients Consents & Animal Protection

Human: All clinical investigations must be conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki principles, as revised in 2000 and 2008. Authors must comply with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (www.icmje.org) in conjunction with the patient's consent for research or participation in a study. Patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers must not be mentioned anywhere in the manuscript (including figures). Editors may request the authors to provide documentation of the formal review and recommendation from the institutional review board or ethics committee responsible for oversight of the study if necessary.

Animals: All original research manuscripts involving the use of animals, the authors should indicate whether relevant international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were conducted accordingly. The authors must include details of animal welfare (such as species, number, gender, age, weight, housing conditions, welfare, training and the fate of the animals at the end of the experiment) and relevant details of steps taken to ameliorate suffering in all works in the Materials and Method section of a manuscript. Similarly, any experiments involving animals from clients or private institutions, the authors are required to get informed client consent and adhere to a high standard (best practice) of veterinary care. These details should be included in the Materials and Methods section of the manuscript.

Publishing Ethics

Publishing Policies

Viser Technology Pte. Ltd. requests all members involved in the journal publishing process to adhere to the "Code of Conduct for Journal Editors" and "Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers" as stipulated by COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics).

The publisher strictly adheres to the guidelines and best practices, which include Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals from the International Committee of Medical JournalsEditors (ICMJE) and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing developed by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) and World Association of Medical Editors (WAME).

Home Information Publications Ethics and Malpractice Statement
As a prestigious peer-reviewed journal we emphasize on publications ethics for editors, reviewers, authors, and publisher very much. We mainly follow the existing SCOPUS requirements and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Code of Conduct which are widely recognized in the world.

Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, and the society of TIIS.


An authorship is generally considered to be an individual who has made substantial intellectual contributions to a publication (or an article).

Additional criteria for authorship include the following:
- Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work
- Drafting the work or revising it critically for important Intellectual content
- Final approval of the version to be published
- Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related th the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved
All articles should be original and not published in any other journals before. If an author is using a lengthy text from another source, it should be cited within quotes and the reference should be given properly. Plagiarism or self-plagiarism in any form will never be acceptable.
An article should acknowledge and cite the work of others where appropriate, fully and accurately attributing relevant sources. In general, the article provides a list of references.
The article may acknowledge the funding, support, sponsorship and other forms of input (including that of the university, institute, organization or government) to the work in an appropriate way.
The prospective author must make sure that the submitted article is not under publication consideration or under review in another journal. We will not accept any articles with same exact material from another journal.
If the submitted article is an extended version of the article already presented in a conference, the author should address it in front page of the submitted paper and in addition, the author must submit the preliminary article published in the conference proceedings too. Unless the preliminary article is submitted, We will not accept submission for review. The extended version of the submitted article should add more than 30% substantial contents compared to the preliminary article.

All authors should agree to make plausible revisions to be suggested by reviewers and the editorial members . If the author refuses to do the revision without acceptable causes, the submitted article will be immediately rejected.
All authors will be required to correct any errors and to withdraw incorrect information in the submitted article.
All authors who have made a significant contribution to the article should be included as co-authors. An inclusion of person(s) who do not contribute in the co-author list is inappropriate. One of co-authors should sign a copyright transfer form before the final publication.

All of the submitted papers will be peer-reviewed. The name of all reviewers will be blind. All reviewers should be academically qualified to review a submitted article, and they should complete her/his review scores and review comments in time. The review comments will be constructive for authors.
The reviewer should be fair and unprejudiced in reviewing a submitted article.
The reviewer should not have any conflict of interest with the research, author, or the research funding authorities of a submitted article. In case of a conflicting interest, the reviewer should inform the assigned editor of it and the assigned editor will manage the conflict by reassigning required reviewer(s) to the article.
The reviewer should not reveal any information related to the assigned article to other parties.

The Editor-in-Chief and editor should preclude business needs from compromising intellectual standards.
The EIC and editor should ensure the quality of the material they publish.
The EIC has the authority to make a final decision on the submitted article based on reviewers' and editor's review scores/comments or his/her own discretion.
The editor can make a preliminary decision on the submitted paper based on reviewers' scores/comments or his/her own discretion. The editor can provide his/her own review comments or suggestions on the submitted paper with EIC.
The EIC and editor should be fair and should not use prejudice/bias of any kind against the author during the review process.
The EIC and editor's decisions to accept or reject a paper for publication should be based only on the paper's importance, originality, and clarity, and the study's relevance to the remit of the journal.
The EIC or any member of the editorial board should not have any conflict of interest regarding the article under consideration.
Anonymity of reviewers as well as the author should be maintained by the EIC and editor during the review process.
When an error is found, the EIC should correct it immediately or withdraw the publication.

Monitoring/safeguarding of the publishing ethics will be maintained by the EIC and the editorial board.
The EIC with the editorial board should maintain high levels of intellectual and ethical standards, precluding business needs from compromising intellectual standards.
The EIC should ensure that plagiarism, self-plagiarism, and fraudulent data are not allowed as mentioned above.
The EIC should be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, withdrawals, and apologies as appropriate when needed.